Dan Gold, D.O.
Assistant Professor of Neurology, Ophthalmology, Neurosurgery, Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery,
The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine


Browse the Gold collection alphabetically by title

    Summary and review documents

  1. Classes of eye movements
    1. Saccades
      1. Normal
      2. Abnormal
    2. Convergence
      1. Normal
      2. Abnormal
    3. Smooth pursuit
      1. Normal
      2. Abnormal
    4. Vestibulo-ocular reflex and head impulse testing
      1. Normal
      2. Abnormal
    5. VOR suppression
      1. Normal
      2. Abnormal
    6. Assessing alignment
      1. Normal
      2. Abnormal
    7. Assessing range of eye movements/motility
      1. Normal
      2. Abnormal
    8. Optokinetic Testing
      1. Normal
      2. Abnormal
  2. Specific ocular motor syndromes (1)
    1. Cranial nerve palsies
      1. Third (Oculomotor)
        1. Cyclical
        2. Subnuclear
        3. Aberrant Regeneration
        4. Nuclear
      2. Fourth (Trochlear)
      3. Fifth (Trigeminal)
      4. Sixth (Abducens)
      5. Seventh (Facial)
      6. Eighth (Vestibulocochlear)
      7. Ninth (Glossopharyngeal)
      8. Tenth (Vagus)
      9. Eleventh (Accessory)
      10. Twelfth (Hypoglossal)
    2. Nuclear/Supranuclear palsies
      1. Internuclear ophthalmoplegia
      2. One and half syndrome
      3. Horizontal gaze palsy
      4. Vertical gaze palsy
      5. Skew deviation
      6. Upgaze palsy
      7. Downgaze palsy
      8. Lateropulsion
    3. Ocular neuromyotonia
    4. Convergence spasm
    5. Convergence insufficiency
    6. Divergence insufficiency
  3. Other ocular motor syndromes by location
    1. Medulla
    2. Pons
    3. Mesencephalon
    4. Dorsal midbrain syndrome
    5. Cerebellar pathology
  4. Nystagmus and disorders of ocular stability
    1. Pendular nystagmus (binocular & monocular)
      1. Oculopalatal myoclonus
    2. Congenital vs acquired nystagmus
    3. Jerk nystagmus
      1. Downbeat nystagmus
      2. Upbeat nystagmus
      3. Rebound nystagmus
      4. Periodic alternating Nystagmus
      5. Convergence retraction nystagmus
      6. Rotary (torsional) nystagmus
      7. Abducting nystagmus
      8. Latent nystagmus
      9. Vestibular nystagmus
        1. Acute vestibular syndrome
      10. End-gaze nystagmus
      11. Gaze-evoked nystagmus
      12. Bruns nystagmus
    4. Ocular oscillations
      1. Superior oblique myokymia
      2. Square wave jerks
      3. Opsoclonus
      4. Flutter
  5. Vestibular Examination
    1. Positional Testing
      1. Peripheral - Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
        1. Posterior Canal
          1. Diagnosis
          2. Treatment
        2. Horizontal Canal
          1. Diagnosis
          2. Treatment
        3. Anterior Canal
          1. Diagnosis
          2. Treatment
      2. Central positional nystagmus
    2. Removal of fixation, vibration and head-shaking
      1. Normal
      2. Abnormal
    3. Dynamic visual acuity
    4. Hyperventilation
      1. Normal
      2. Abnormal
    5. Pressure testing (e.g., superior canal dehiscence syndrome)
      1. Normal
      2. Abnormal
    6. Auditory testing
      1. Rinne and Weber
      2. Audiometry
    7. Vestibular lab testing
      1. ENG, VNG, VOG
      2. Video Head Impulse Testing
      3. Rotary Chair
      4. Calorics
      5. Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials (VEMPs)
  6. Miscellaneous
    1. Horner's Syndrome
    2. Duane's Syndrome
    3. Myasthenia gravis
    4. Miller Fisher syndrome
    5. Oculogyric crisis
    6. Figures
  7. Contributors
    1. Anthony Brune, DO
    2. John Carey, MD
    3. Amir Kheradmand, MD
    4. Nathan Kung, MD
    5. Marco Mandala, MD, PhD
    6. Laura Morris, PT
    7. Daniele Nuti, MD
    8. Stephen Reich, MD
    9. Michael Schubert, PT, PhD
    10. Veerah Shah, MD, PhD
    11. Roksolyana Tourkevich, MD
    12. Greg van Stavern, MD
    13. David Zee, MD