Part IV: Disorders of the Afferent and Efferent Visual Pathways

  1. Diseases of the Retrochiasmal Visual Pathways
    1. Specialized Syndromes
      1. Anton's syndrome (cerebral blindness)
      2. Riddoch's phenomena: Statico-kinetic dissociation
      3. Balint syndrome
      4. Gerstmann syndrome
      5. Cerebral achromatopsia
      6. Alexia without agraphia
      7. Acalculia
      8. Agraphia (with associated alexia)
      9. Agnosias
      10. Visual neglect
      11. L-R confusion
      12. Akinetopsia
      13. Concept of "Blindsight"
  2. Pupillary Pathology
    1. Evaluation and management of a large or a small pupil
  3. Eye Movement Systems Pathology
    1. Optokinetic nystagmus
    2. Saccades
    3. Specific ocular motor syndromes
      1. Cranial nerve palsies
      2. Nuclear/Supranuclear palsies
        1. Internuclear ophthalmoplegia
  4. Nystagmus and Disorders of Ocular Stability
    1. Pendular nystagmus (binocular & monocular)
    2. Congenital vs acquired nystagmus
    3. Specific types of nystagmus and their localizing value
      1. Downbeat nystagmus
      2. Upbeat nystagmus
      3. Spasmus nutans/dissociated nystagmus/monocular nystagmus
      4. Abducting nystagmus
      5. End-gaze nystagmus
  5. Eyelid Position Abnormalities
    1. Ptosis
      1. Pseudoptosis
      2. Congenital
      3. With elevator palsy
      4. Marcus Gunn jaw wink
      5. Blepharophimosis
      6. Levator dehiscence
      7. Myopathic
      8. Neuro-muscular transmission
        1. Ocular myasthenia