Part V: Systemic, Neurologic, and Ophthalmic Disorders Commonly Associated with Neuro-ophthalmic Manifestations

  1. Developmental and congenital anomalies with neuro-ophthalmologic consequences
    1. Chiari malformation
  2. Systemic disorders commonly associated with neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations
    1. Vascular disease
      1. Vascular risk factors
      2. Prevention of vascular disease
      3. Neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of vascular diseases
  3. Neurologic disorders commonly associated with neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations
    1. Head and ocular injury
      1. Evaluate post-traumatic visual loss
    2. Vascular disease of the brain and the eye
    3. Seizures with neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations
    4. Neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of neoplasms
    5. Neuro-degenerative diseases
      1. Parkinson's disease
      2. Alzheimer, Frontotemporal dementia
    6. Neuro-muscular transmission deficits
      1. Myasthenia gravis
    7. Myopathies (involving the extraocular muscles)
      1. Congenital myopathies/ oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy
    8. Headache and facial pain
  4. Ocular diseases commonly associated with- or mimicking neuro-ophthalmologic disorders
    1. Retinal disorders
      1. Degenerative/hereditary
  5. Neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of iatrogenic diseases
    1. Alcohol
      1. Thiamine deficiency
      2. Wernicke encephalopathy