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Table of Contents

Introduction to the Collection

  1. Anatomy And Physiology For The Neuro-Ophthalmologist
    1. Bony anatomy
      1. Orbit
      2. Bony communications
        1. Superior orbital fissure
        2. Inferior orbital fissure
        3. Ethmoidal foramina
        4. Zygoma
      3. Skull
        1. Anterior cranial fossa
        2. Middle cranial fossa
        3. Posterior cranial fossa
    2. Anatomy of the orbit, the eyelids, and the lacrimal pathways
      1. Lacrimal gland
    3. Afferent visual pathways
      1. Optic Nerve
  2. Ocular And Neurologic Evaluation
    1. Ancillary tests obtained in neuro-ophthalmology
      1. Ocular and orbital ultrasound
  3. Neuro-Ophthalmic Symptoms And Signs
    1. Visual Field Loss (Scotoma)
    2. Double vision (diplopia)
    3. Ptosis
    4. Orbital Signs
      1. Proptosis
      2. Enophthalmos
      3. Proptosis (Exophthalmos)
  4. Disorders Of The Afferent And Efferent Visual Pathways
    1. Orbital pathology causing neuro-ophthalmic manifestations
      1. Trauma
      2. Mass lesions
        1. Neoplasms
      3. Inflammation/Infection
        1. Myositis
        2. Orbital inflammation
        3. Thyroid orbitopathy
        4. Orbital cellulitis
        5. Abscess
      4. Orbital manifestations of dural fistulas
  5. Systemic, Neurologic, And Ophthalmic Disorders Commonly Associated With Neuro-Ophthalmic Manifestations
    1. Neurologic disorders commonly associated with neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations
      1. Head and ocular injury
        1. Diagnose and evaluate orbital and facial fractures
      2. Neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of neoplasms:
        1. Orbital Tumors
          1. Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous
          2. Lymphoma
          3. Lymphangioma
          4. Liposarcoma
          5. Meningioma
          6. Neurilemmoma
          7. Rhabdomyosarcoma
          8. Schwannoma
      3. Infections (neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of localized and systemic infections)
        1. Orbital infections (cellulitis)
      4. Myopathies (involving the extraocular muscles)
        1. Ischemic(1)
          1. Orbital ischemic syndrome
        2. Inflammatory(1)
          1. Thyroid orbitopathy
          2. Orbital inflammatory disease
    2. Neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of iatrogenic diseases
      1. Various drugs with specific neuro-ophthalmologic complications, including
        1. Facial and orbital injections
      2. Neuro-ophthalmic complications of surgical procedures
        1. Ocular and orbital surgery
  6. Procedures Commonly Performed/Obtained in Neuro-Ophtahlmology
    1. Surgical and endovascular procedures and their complications
      1. Approaches for orbital biopsies and orbital tumors
      2. Orbital decompression