Browse the AAO-NANOS collection by case number

Table of Contents

NEURO-OPHTHALMIC SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS

  1. Normal and abnormal optic nerve
    1. Edema
    2. Optociliary shunt vessels
      1. Glaucoma
      2. CRVO
      3. Congenital
      4. Meningioma
    3. Optic disc anomalies

DISORDERS OF THE AFFERENT AND EFFERENT VISUAL PATHWAYS

  1. Diseases of the Retina
    1. Retinal dystrophy and systemic disease
  2. Diseases of the optic nerve
    1. Ischemic optic neuropathy
      1. Optic Neuropathy with Retinopathy
    2. Inflammation
      1. Non infectious
        1. Periphlebitis in Optic Neuritis
        2. Sarcoidosis
      2. Leber's Optic Neuropathy
    3. Infectious
      1. Neuroretinitis
      2. Optic Neuropathy with Sinus Disease
    4. Traumatic
      1. Traumatic Optic Neuropathy
    5. Toxic
      1. BCNU Retinopathy
    6. Raised intracranial pressure
      1. Papilledema
  3. Orbital pathology
    1. Inflammation/Infection
      1. Myositis
  4. Diseases of the chiasm
    1. Compression/infiltration
      1. Chiasmal herniation
      2. Arachnoid cyst
    2. Inflammation
      1. Chiasmal Optic Neuritis
  5. Diseases of the retrochiasmal visual pathways
    1. Optic tract
      1. Optic Tract Lesions
  6. Pupillary pathology
    1. Tadpole pupil
    2. Third nerve palsy (Oculomotor)
      1. Cyclical
      2. Subnuclear
  7. Eye movement systems pathology
    1. Specific ocular motor syndromes
      1. Cranial nerve palsies
        1. Third (Oculomotor)
          1. Cyclical
          2. Subnuclear
        2. Fourth (Trochlear)
        3. Sixth (Abducens)
      2. Supranuclear palsies
        1. Skew deviation
      3. Cyclic oculomotor paresis
    2. Classical brain stem syndromes
      1. Duane's syndrome
        1. Synergistic Divergence
      2. Wallenberg's syndrome (Lateral medullary syndrome)
  8. Eyelid position abnormalities
    1. Ptosis
      1. Third nerve dysfunction (Oculomotor palsy)

SYSTEMIC, NEUROLOGIC, AND OPHTHALMIC DISORDERS

  1. Developmental and congenital anomalies
    1. Other disc anomalies
      1. Congenital optic nerve anomalies
        1. Optic nerve dysplasia and aplasia/hypoplasia
        2. Optic nerve coloboma
        3. Optic nerve pit
        4. Optic nerve drusen (Optic disc drusen)
        5. Myelinated nerve fibers
        6. Staphyloma
        7. Laurence-Moon-Biedl Syndrome
      2. Optic disc anomalies
        1. Pseudopapilledema
      3. Skull base malformations
        1. Arnold-Chiari malformation
  2. Systemic disorders
    1. Hereditary diseases
      1. Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum
      2. Factor V Deficiency
      3. Bassen-Kornzweig Syndrome
      4. Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
      5. Olivopontocerebellar Degen
    2. Neurocutaneous syndromes
      1. Neurofibromatosis
      2. Tuberous sclerosis
      3. Von Hippel-Lindau
      4. Ataxia telangiectasia
      5. Wyburn-Mason
    3. Vascular disease
      1. Temporal arthritis
      2. Carotid Occlusive Disease
      3. Vasospastic Amaurosis Fugax
      4. Retinal Artery Occlusion
      5. Saturday Night Retinopathy
      6. Carotid Dissection
      7. Moyamoya Disease
      8. Dolichoectasia
    4. Metabolic diseases
    5. Autoimmune diseases
      1. Sarcoidosis
    6. Complications of cancers
      1. Leukemia
      2. Lymphoma
      3. Histiocytosis
      4. Metastatic Carcinoma
      5. Multiple Myeloma
      6. Paraneoplastic Disease
      7. Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis
    7. Complications of chemo/radiation
      1. BCNU Retinopathy
      2. Radiation retinopathy
    8. Complications of infections
      1. Histoplasmosis
      2. Syphilis
      3. Toxoplasmosis
    9. Inflammatory
      1. Keratitis
        1. Cogan's syndrome
  3. Neurologic disorders
    1. Vascular disease of the brain and the eye
      1. Neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations of stroke
        1. Pituitary apoplexy
      2. Venous sinus thrombosis
        1. Superior Ophthalmic Vein Thrombosis
      3. Intracranial vascular malformations
        1. Aneurysms
          1. Ophthalmic Artery Aneurysm
        2. Dural fistulas (Dural Arteriovenous Malformation)
        3. Carotid cavernous fistulas (direct, indirect)
        4. Cavernous hemangiomas (Capillary Angioma, Lymph angioma)
    2. Neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of neoplasms
      1. Skull base tumors
        1. Chordoma
      2. Orbital tumors
        1. Choroidal Folds From Orbital Mass
    3. Infections
      1. Optic nerve infection
        1. Infectious optic neuritis
        2. Neuroretinitis
      2. Toxoplasmosis
      3. Lyme disease
    4. Metabolic diseases
      1. Wilson's disease
      2. Neuronal Ceroid Lipofusinosis
    5. Neuro-muscular transmission deficits
      1. Myasthenia gravis
    6. Myopathies (involving the extraocular muscles)
      1. Mitochondrial diseases
        1. Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO)
      2. Inflammatory
        1. Thyroid orbitopathy (Thyroid disease)
      3. Congenital syndromes involving the extraocular muscles
        1. Duane's syndrome
          1. Synergistic Divergence
    7. Headache and facial pain
      1. Cluster headache
  4. Ocular diseases
    1. Ocular infections
      1. Neuroretinitis
    2. Retinal disorders
      1. Degenerative/hereditary
        1. Acquired Hyperopia
      2. Glaucoma
  5. Iatrogenic diseases
    1. Drugs with specific neuro-ophthalmologic complications
      1. Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)